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King Charles III, Br itain’s new monarch


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Read on - epaper ⋅ Ausgabe 10/2022 vom 27.09.2022
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1 THE QUEEN is dead, long live the king! On Queen Elizabeth II’s death, the throne automatically passed to her son, Prince Charles. At 73, he is the oldest person ever to take up the crown. He is also the first British monarch not to be educated at home and the first to have a university degree.

2 Choosing the name Charles III was an early decision of the new king’s reign. His full name is Charles Philip Arthur George, and he could have chosen any of ...

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2 Choosing the name Charles III was an early decision of the new king’s reign. His full name is Charles Philip Arthur George, and he could have chosen any of those names as his royal name. Although his mother used her own first name when she became Elizabeth II, his grandfather’s full name was Albert Frederick Arthur George. He had been called Albert, or Bertie, his whole life. But when he became monarch, he took the name George to become King George VI.

3 It was thought the king may not want to be called Charles because the name has not proven successful for the British monarchy. Charles I was beheaded in 1649 by Oliver Cromwell’s parliamentary forces at the end of the English Civil War, and his son, Charles II, was forced to live abroad. He wasn’t able to return to Britain until 1660, after the monarchy was restored.

4 Although the monarchy had been restored, Charles II had much less power than former monarchs. It was during his reign that Britain began to move towards its modern system of a constitutional monarchy, where the power of the Crown is limited, accepting the will of the democratically elected Parliament.

5 Most of the duties of Charles III’s first weeks as king have had to do with his mother’s passing. This included visiting the four corners of the United Kingdom to receive condolences. Many think that Charles has already shown what kind of king he will be in his choosing to visit Northern Ireland before Scotland, Wales or England.

6 In 1979, the Irish Republican Army (IRA), which was fighting a guerrilla war against the UK because they wanted Northern Ire- land to be part of the Republic of Ireland rather than remain in the UK, killed Lord Mountbatten, a member of the royal family, with a bomb.

7 Lord Mountbatten was the beloved uncle of Queen Elizabeth II’s husband, Philip. Lord Mountbatten had been like a father to Philip after his own father died. It was he who introduced Philip to Elizabeth for the first time. Lord Mountbatten had also been a mentor to Charles when he was a young prince. His death caused the royal family much pain.

8 However, to help the peace process between the two sides, the Queen later made visits to Northern Ireland. She even shook the hand of a former IRA commander in 2012. Charles’ decision to go first to Northern Ireland was seen as a symbol of his wish to continue to heal the relationship between the Crown and Irish nationalists.

9 Charles III has some very large shoes to fill. His mother’s death has made it clearer than ever just how much she was loved and admired by millions. But the shouts of “God save the King!” which could be heard again and again these last weeks show that the new monarch has the support of the British people.