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The price of school closings


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Read on - epaper ⋅ Ausgabe 9/2022 vom 30.08.2022
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Bildquelle: Read on, Ausgabe 9/2022

A worldwide report shows how important in-person instruction is.

1 IN MARCH 2020, just after the WHO declared Covid-19 a worldwide pandemic, schools around the world closed their doors. Now, more than two years later, the high price of shutting children off from in-person education is becoming clear. Learning loss has taken place wherever schools were closed, and learning poverty has risen globally.

2 Learning poverty is defined as not being able to read a simple written text by 10 years of age. On its website, the World Bank writes that all children should be able to read by age 10. Reading skills are a marker of how a child has progressed in school.

3 Although it is possible to learn later in life with enough effort, children who don’t read by age 10 usually fail to master reading later in their schooling career.

4 Reading level is also a good indication of whether or not a school system is organised enough to help children learn in other areas, such as maths, science, and the humanities.

5 The State of Global Learning Poverty: 2022 Update is a post- pandemic report by the World Bank and other non-profit organisations which looks at learning poverty around the world. The report makes clear that school closings will have deepened the inequity of education levels between countries with high incomes and those with middle and low incomes.

6 Before the pandemic, the rate of 10-year-olds in the world who were unable to understand a simple written text was 57 per cent. Now it is 70 per cent, the report says.

7 Schools closed for a longer time in some areas than in others. It seems clear from the report that the longer schools were closed, the higher the learning loss.

8 Sub-Saharan Africa is a lowincome area of the world which had a high level of learning poverty before the pandemic. But schools there were only closed for a short time. Although learn- ing poverty increased in sub-Saharan Africa, it didn’t increase as much as it did in areas where schools were closed longest.

0 – 1 EDUCATION “edZU"keIS´n‘ Bildung — learning poverty “"pÅv´ti‘ Lernarmut — to increase “In"kri…s‘ zunehmen — WHO = World Health Organization “ÆO…g´naI"zeIS´n‘ Weltgesundheitsorganisation — to declare s.th. “dI"kle´‘ etw. zu … erklären — to shut s.o. off from s.th. jdn. von etw. ausschließen — in-person education Präsenzunterricht — learning loss Lernverlust — takes place es kommt zu … — wherever überall dort, wo … — to rise zunehmen 2 – 4 World Bank Weltbank — reading skills Lesekompetenz — marker Indikator — to progress “pr´"gres‘ Fortschritte machen — although “O…l"D´U‘ obwohl — effort “"ef´t‘ Anstrengung — to fail to do es nicht schaffen zu tun — to master beherrschen — schooling career Schullaufbahn — reading level Leseniveau — indication “"IndIkeIS´n‘ Hinweis — of whether “"weD´‘ ob — humanities “Æhju…"mœn´ti…z‘ Geisteswissenschaften 5 – 8 state Zustand — post-pandemic “pœn"demIk‘ … nach der Pandemie

non-profit organisation “ÆnÅn"prÅfIt‘ gemeinnützige O. — to deepen (fig) verschärfen — inequity “In"ekwIti‘ Ungerechtigkeit — income Einkommen — rate Anteil — to seem scheinen — sub-Saharan Africa “Æsøbs´"hA…r´n‘ A. südlich der Sahara

Artikelbild für den Artikel "The price of school closings" aus der Ausgabe 9/2022 von Read on. Dieses epaper sofort kaufen oder online lesen mit der Zeitschriften-Flatrate United Kiosk NEWS.

Bildquelle: Read on, Ausgabe 9/2022

Trainingsheft Charts & Co. www.sprachzeitungen.de

Artikelbild für den Artikel "The price of school closings" aus der Ausgabe 9/2022 von Read on. Dieses epaper sofort kaufen oder online lesen mit der Zeitschriften-Flatrate United Kiosk NEWS.

Bildquelle: Read on, Ausgabe 9/2022

9 Latin America and South Asia are thought be middle-income areas. But schools there were fully or partially closed the longest – for 75 weeks or more. And learning poverty there increased more than elsewhere.

10 In Latin America, 80 per cent of children finishing primary school are now unable to understand a simple written text. Before the pandemic, it was around 50 per cent. In South Asia, 78 per cent of children cannot understand a simple written text; it was less than 60 per cent before the school closings.

11 Even before the pandemic, children in wealthier areas of the world had better educational outcomes than those in areas with middle and lower incomes. Now those differences will be even more pronounced. And making up for the learning loss will be difficult.

12 On average, students globally are eight months behind where they would have been without school closings, but some areas were more negatively affected than others.

13 High-income areas, like Europe and North America, are thought to be about 1 to 5 months behind. Low-income areas which had low-performing educational systems before the pandemic are about 3 to 8 months behind. In middle-income areas, the educational systems are middle-performing, but schools there stayed closed longest, and students there are probably 9 to 15 months behind.

14 This loss in learning is expected to have an impact on the economy in years to come. UNICEF has said, “The economic cost of lost learning from the crisis will be severe. A recent estimation predicts a $17 trillion loss in lifetime earnings among today’s generation of schoolchildren if corrective action is not urgently taken.”

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9 – 11 to be thought to be gelten als — partially “"pA…S´li‘ teilweise — elsewhere anderswo — primary school “"praIm´ri‘ Grundschule — wealthy “"welTi‘ wohlhabend — educational outcomes Bildungsergebnisse — pronounced “pr´"naUnst‘ ausgeprägt — to make up for s.th. etw. ausgleichen

12 – 13 on average “"œv´rIdZ‘ im Durchschnitt — to be behind zurückliegen — to be more negatively affected than “"neg´tIvli; ´"fektId‘ stärker betroffen sein als … — low-performing leistungsschwach — middle-performing mit mittlerem Leistungsniveau

14 s.th. is expected to es wird erwartet, dass etw. … — impact “"--‘ Auswirkung(en) — economy “I"kÅn´mi‘ Wirtschaft — in years to come in den kommenden Jahren — economic “Æi…k´"nÅmIk‘ wirtschaftlich — severe “sI"vI´‘ schwerwiegend — recent “"ri…s´nt‘ aktuell — estimation “ÆestI"meIS´n‘ Schätzung — to predict “-"-‘ prognostizieren — trillion “"trIlj´n‘ Billion — lifetime earnings “"‰…nINz‘ Lebenseinkommen — to take corrective action “k´"rektIv‘ Abhilfe schaffen — urgently “"‰…dZ´ntli‘ dringend

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