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The Tory leadership race


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Read on - epaper ⋅ Ausgabe 8/2022 vom 02.08.2022
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Artikelbild für den Artikel "The Tory leadership race" aus der Ausgabe 8/2022 von Read on. Dieses epaper sofort kaufen oder online lesen mit der Zeitschriften-Flatrate United Kiosk NEWS.

Bildquelle: Read on, Ausgabe 8/2022

Either Liz Truss or Rishi Sunak will be moving into 10 Downing Street in September.

1 PRESSURISED BY his own cabinet after several scandals, like the gatherings that took place at Downing Street during the Covid-19 lockdowns, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson said at the beginning of July that he would resign as leader of the Conservative Party once a new leader was chosen.

2 On July 12, the Conservatives began the process of electing a new leader for their party. Because the next general election is scheduled for January 2025, the new Tory leader will automatically become prime minister of the country.

3 In Britain, the leader of the biggest party in Parliament is prime minister and can be changed mid-term without having to call a general election.

4 Electing a new leader for the Conservative Party works like this: to enter the contest to be party leader, a candidate needs to be nominated by 20 Conservative Members of Parliament (MPs) – aproposer, a seconder and 18 supporters.

5 Once the group of candidates is formed, all Conservative MPs in Parliament begin voting in rounds until there are only two candidates left.

6 In the first round, candidates with fewer than 30 votes drop out of the race. In the following rounds, the candidate who comes last drops out.

7 Leaving fewer candidates after each round means that MPs must concentrate their votes on those candidates left standing.

8 These rounds of voting continue until the choice comes down to just two candidates.

9 When there are only two leadership candidates left, the vote goes out to all the Conservative Party members, of which there are now about 200,000. The candidates hold hustings everywhere in the country to try to persuade as many of those members as possible to vote for them.

10 When this year’s race started, there were six candidates standing for leadership. After five rounds, the two left were Liz Truss and Rishi Sunak.

11 Rishi Sunak has been a Conservative Party MP since 2015, but he has a background in finance.

Before becoming a politician, he worked for hedge funds and investment banks. He has served on different select committees and in 2019, he became a member of Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s cabinet when he was made Chief Secretary to the Treasury. On July 5, 2022, Sunak resigned from his post, saying he could no longer support Johnson’s leadership.

12 Liz Truss has been a Conservative MP since 2010. She has more experience working for prime ministers. Truss was a member of David Cameron and Theresa May’s cabinets in different positions. Under Prime Minister Johnson, she has been Minister for Women and Equalities since 2019 and Foreign Secretary since 2021. Truss has not resigned her posts.

13 Although Sunak got more votes than Truss in the MPs voting, Truss begins the race with more members saying they would vote for her. So far, it seems that there are not too many policy differences between the two candidates. But one key difference is taxes.

14 While Sunak says it would be irresponsible to cut taxes now, Truss has said that she would cut taxes to help businesses – and the economy – grow. That difference could be very important. With the cost of living crisis in the UK, what the candidates plan to do about the economy will be at the heart of the leadership contest.

15 However, more differences and details of what each candidate plans to do should he or she become prime minister will surely become clearer at the 12 hustings, and at least one television debate, planned before the final votes are counted.

16 The membership has until September 5 to vote for the new leader of the Tory party – and the UK’s next prime minister.

0 – 1 LEADERSHIP RACE “"li…d´SIp‘ h.: Rennen um den Parteivorsitz (leadership Führung) — Conservative “k´n"s‰…v´tIv‘ — party Partei — leader Parteivorsitzende(r) — automatically “ÆO…t´"mœtIkli‘ automatisch — to pressurise “"preS´raIz‘ unter Druck setzen — gathering “"gœD´rIN‘ Treffen — to take place stattfinden — to resign “rI"zaIn‘ zurücktreten — once sobald

2 – 3 process “"pr´Uses‘ Verfahren — to elect wählen — general election “ÆdZen´r´l I"lekS´n‘ brit. Unterhauswahl — to be scheduled for “"SedZu…ld‘ angesetzt sein für — mid-term während der Amtszeit — to call an election eine Wahl ansetzen

4 – 5 to enter a contest h.: bei einer Wahl antreten — to nominate “"nÅmIneIt‘ vorschlagen — proposer “pr´"p´Uz´‘ Vorschlagende(r) — seconder “"sek´nd´‘ Befürworter(in) — supporter “s´"pO…t´‘ Unterstützer(in) — to vote abstimmen

6 - 7 vote Stimme — to drop out of ausscheiden aus — to come last die wenigsten Stimmen haben — to concentrate “"kÅns´ntreIt‘ konzentrieren — left standing die verbleibenden …

8 – 10 to continue “k´n"tInju…‘ weitergehen — the choice comes down to … “tSOIs‘ nur noch … stehen zur Wahl — husting Veranstaltung, bei der sich ein(e) Kandidat(in) den Parteimitgliedern vorstellt — to persuade “p´"sweId‘ überzeugen — to stand for kandidieren für

11 background Hintergrund — finance “"faInœns‘ Finanzwesen — politician “ÆpÅlI"tIS´n‘ Politiker(in) — hedge funds Hedgefonds — to serve arbeiten — select committee “sIÆlekt k´"mIti‘ Sonderausschuss — Chief Secretary to the Treasury “ÆtSi…f "sekr´t´ri; "treZ´ri‘ dritthöchster Posten im brit. Finanz- und Wirtschaftsministerium

12 – 13 experience “Ik"spI´ri´ns‘ Erfahrung — Minister for Women and Equalities “I"kwÅl´tIz‘ Frauen- und Gleichstellungsminister(in) — Foreign Secretary “"fÅrIn‘ Außenminister(in) — although “O…l"D´U‘ obwohl — so far bisher — it seems that es scheint, dass … — policy differences “"pÅl´si‘ programmatische Unterschiede — key entscheidend — tax Steuer

14 – 16 irresponsible “ÆIrI"spÅns´b´l‘ verantwortungslos — to cut taxes Steuern senken — economy “I"kÅn´mi‘ Wirtschaft — cost of living Lebenshaltungskosten — at the heart of im Zentrum des … — to count zählen — membership Parteimitglieder

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